Law as an instrument to serve social welfare: Contract Law (General Principles).

Alfred Adler first used “social interest” in the early 1900s. It can be defined as an individual’s responsibility towards Society and service to humanity; their connection to their environment is known as having a “social interest.” Adler recognized its significance for leading a healthy, fulfilling life.

In this assignment, we will explore the Law’s role in Society. A thorough discussion about what Law is and its influence will make this assignment relevant and intriguing.

We will consider the Law’s contribution to Society through contract law – specifically its provisions in India. By consulting various journals and interpreting judgments from the Supreme Court, we would gain insight into Indian contract laws as interpreted by its judiciary.

What is Law, and How Can it Benefit Society? According to Austin, “Law is defined as any decree issued by a sovereign with accompanying sanctions[1]. Aristotle stated that Law “is part of human nature; its discovery can be discovered using reason.” Law should remain immutable and reasonable but also universal with potential for growth.”

Law is the body of rules and regulations designed to maintain uniformity in behavior and actions. The Law comprises principles designed to deliver standards, uphold order, resolve disputes between people, protect liberties and rights, and provide justice – ultimately to create peace on Earth.

According to Hans, law “doesn’t simply outline what must happen; rather it lays down rules to abide by.” From the legislature’s perspective, Law manifests as statutes, rules, directives, orders, or ordinals; from that of the judiciary, it takes the shape of judgments, precedents, decrees, rulings, etc.

Contractual Law involves duties, liabilities, and obligations; the Law can mean justice, morality, equity, order, and righteousness in society. The Law exists almost in every dimension of Society.

Justice Brandeis asserted that values such as liberty play an essential role in creating a free society, the ultimate aim of democracy.[2] In India, in particular, governance and order could not exist without values such as equality and fraternity being enforced throughout Society. The question arises as to who enforces these ideals.

Law’s role in Society begins here, enforcing values through legislation, policy-making, and the daily lives of its people. People obey not out of fear of punishment but because the Law bestows matters such as durability, stability, and resilience on institutions governing them.

The rule of Law maintains order and morality in a free society. It was initially developed to ensure balance amongst all three branches of government and give all individuals adequate guidance regarding their behavior. One can easily understand or predict the health or condition of any society simply by studying its laws.

That means the laws governing Society play an essential role in shaping the culture and lifestyle of its inhabitants and relationships among them. It is widely recognized that people living in Scandinavian countries enjoy more significant levels of liberty and freedom than authoritarian republican governments. This disparity manifests itself through legislation in both regions.

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