Law is often described by many as the form or justice. It is an essential component of a functioning democracy that reflects the fundamental moral and unchangeable laws in nature. There have been many attempts over the years to define law. Some suggested there wasn’t a universally accepted definition of law. Others said it depends on the context in which the word is used.
Many aspirants have chosen law as their preferred career option due to the changing environment and increased regulatory role. Law is an experience that combines leadership and discipline. It can be a life-changing career. Aspiring Law students have the option to choose from a variety of Law Courses offered by top law colleges. Each specialty will help them reach their full potential as lawyers. Students who want to be lawyers can choose from a variety of Undergraduate and postgraduate law degrees. Students can choose from many career options after completing a Law degree. We will discuss these in the sections below.
Who are lawyers?
Lawyers are professionals who have the ability to advise and represent individuals, businesses and government agencies in legal matters. They research, analyze legal issues, communicate with clients, colleagues and judges, and present facts verbally and in writing to their clients.
To become a lawyer, you must meet the eligibility requirements listed below
- Candidates must hold a minimum of a five-year long BA LLB, BCom LLB, or 3 year LLB degree
- LLM students are eligible to become Lawyers.
- A successful lawyer can have 2-3 years experience in a public or private firm or with an experienced lawyer.
Types of Lawyers
The profession of law can be divided into different divisions based on several factors, such as specialization, area of practice and qualifications. These stratifications also allow for the creation of many types of lawyers, which we will discuss below.
- Corporate Lawyer: Lawyers have a wide range of expertise. They deal with issues related the formation, governance, and maintenance of a company.
- Lawyer for Bankruptcy: They can give advice on reorganizing their financial strategies and negotiate deals to reduce their client’s debts. In the worst case scenario, they even file bankruptcy for their clients.
- Intellectual Property Lawyer They offer legal advice to clients on issues related to copyrights patents trademarks and copyrights.
- Civil Litigation Lawyer They handle cases involving breach of contracts and advise the parties about a lawsuit.
- Contract Lawyer: They specialize in contract issues and assist their clients with drafting and formatting legally binding contracts.
- Immigration Lawyer: They help their clients with immigration matters such as getting visas and appealing deportation.
- Employment Lawyer: They represent employees and employers in cases involving unlawful lay-offs, employment agreements, workplace discrimination, and employment contracts.
- Criminal Lawyer: They are experts in criminal law and can handle all phases of a criminal case, including arrest, bail, pleas, appeal and sentencing.
- Tax Lawyer: They assist clients with federal and local tax issues.
- Family Lawyer: They are experts in child custody cases, divorces and separations, adoptions, paternity and prenuptial agreements, domestic abuse and other matters.
Law is a vast field. It is impossible for one lawyer to provide legal counsel in all areas of law. A speciality in different areas can have different potentials. A Law graduate can choose to work in one of the two traditional profiles, or they can choose to work in administrative work depending on their legal acumen and interests.
- Corporate lawyers: They are responsible for ensuring the legality and compliance of commercial transactions. They can be employed in law firms or assist business owners in setting up companies.
- Civil Lawyers Their role is to give legal advice in civil cases, and provide defense against civil lawsuits. The vast majority of legal work that falls under the jurisdiction of civil lawyers involves multiple issues. These include lawsuits over landlord and tenant disputes, real estate issues, as well as any legal action in which money or performance is sought from a person instead of criminal sanctions.
- Criminal Lawyers Their role is to protect defendants charged with crimes and to specialize in criminal law. They review the case and negotiate with the defendants to resolve legal issues such as unlawful arrests, bail, arraignment, and other similar issues.
There are many areas of law that lawyers can practice. This allows them to diversify their practice even after they have started in one area. From the beginning of their legal careers, lawyers choose an area that is right for them.
- Supreme Court: India’s Supreme Court is the highest judicial body in India. It hears appeals against the verdicts of high courts and settles disputes between different government authorities. Only registered lawyers with the Supreme Court are allowed to appear before, act, and plead on behalf of a party at the court.
- High court: This is the highest level at which legal proceedings may be initiated. It is also known as the superior court in a country or state. The High Court is not limited to hearing cases in certain areas. It does not have limited jurisdiction or local jurisdiction. There is no limit on the amount of monetary damages that it can award.
- District Court The District Courts in India are courts of the state governments and they administer justice in India at the district level. It can hold jury trials in civil or criminal cases and is governed by a District and Sessions Judge. The state governor may appoint a judge to preside over the court.
- Sessions Court. A Sessions Court, the highest criminal court within a district, has been established and presided over in the High Court by a Sessions Court judge. Session courts are the first court to hear cases that could result in a sentence of death, life imprisonment or imprisonment for more than seven years.